What is C and C++ Programming Languages

C is a general-purpose programming language that is extremely popular, simple, and flexible to use. It is a structured programming language that is machine-independent and extensively used to write various applications, Operating Systems like Windows, and many other complex programs like Oracle database, Git, Python interpreter, and more.

C++ is a powerful general-purpose programming language. It can be used to develop operating systems, browsers, games, and so on. C++ supports different ways of programming like procedural, object-oriented, functional, and so on. This makes C++ powerful as well as flexible.

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Difference between C and C++ Programming Language



Dennis Ritchie Developed C language between the year 1969 and 1973 at AT and T Bell Labs. Bjarne Stroustrup Developed C++ in 1979.
C is not support in polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance which means that C does not support object-oriented programming. C++ supports polymorphism, encapsulation, and inheritance because it is an object-oriented programming language.
C consist of 32 Keywords. C++ consist of 64 keywords.
C is a function driven language because C is a process-oriented programming language. C++ is an object driven language because it is an object-oriented programming.
C is a function-driven language. C++ is an object-driven language.
Instead of focusing on data, C focuses on method or process. C++ focuses on data instead of focusing on method or procedure.
C is a basic version of a programming language and supports only primitive, fixed data types. C++ is an enhanced version of C and supports generic data types.
c programming language is more suitable for assemblers, text editors, network drivers, and low-level implementations. C++ programming language is suitable and extensible for high-end programming including game development, embedded systems like smartwatches, medical machines, etc.
C is the foundational language and, hence, the code written with C can be run with the C++ compiler. C++ is the superset of the C language including OOP concepts and hence, cannot run the code in the C compiler.
C is also known as Hands-on language which means C allows the programmer to tell everything. Therefore, one can program it the way we want. It is easy. C++ is a more object-oriented highlevel programming language that requires fixed construction and principles. However, it is easier to code.
To organize the code for efficiency and prevent collisions, a namespace is required.C does not support that. C++ as a flexible programming language supports namespace.